meta content='nobel,nobel prize,a nobel prize winner,nobelprize ,nobel prize winners ,nobel prize 2010,nobel prize winners 2010,alfrid nobel ' name='keywords'/> Nobel Prize: Alfred Nobel and Dynamite, ballistite, and gelignite

Nobel Prize 2011 ,nobel prize winners , Nobel Prize 2009,Nobel Prize 2008,Nobel Prize 2007 ,Nobel Prize 2006,Nobel Prize2005, personal life of all nobel winners .alfred nobel ,Mario Vargas Llosa.Literature prize nobel ,2010,Ralph Steinman, Saul Perlmutter , Brian P. Schmidt,Tomas Tranströmer ,Adam G. Ries Bruce A. Beutler, Jules A. Hoffmann,Dan Shechtman ,rebosome

Alfred Nobel and Dynamite, ballistite, and gelignite

Nobel found that when nitroglycerin was incorporated in an absorbent inert substance like kieselguhr (diatomaceous earth) it became safer and more convenient to handle, and this mixture he patented in 1867 as 'dynamite'. Nobel demonstrated his explosive for the first time that year, at a quarry in Redhill, Surrey, England. In order to help reestablish his name and improve the image of his business from the earlier controversies associated with the dangerous explosives, Nobel had also considered naming the highly powerful substance "Nobel's Safety Powder", but settled with Dynamite instead, referring to the Greek word for 'power'.
Nobel later on combined nitroglycerin with various nitrocellulose compounds, similar to collodion, but settled on a more efficient recipe combining another nitrate explosive, and obtained a transparent, jelly-like substance, which was a more powerful explosive than dynamite. 'Gelignite', or blasting gelatin, as it was named, was patented in 1876; and was followed by a host of similar combinations, modified by the addition of potassium nitrate and various other substances. Gelignite was more stable, transportable and conveniently formed to fit into bored holes, like those used in drilling and mining, than the previously used compounds and was adopted as the standard technology for mining in the Age of Engineering bringing Nobel a great amount of financial success, though at a significant cost to his health. An off-shoot of this research resulted in Nobel's invention of ballistite, the precuser of many modern smokeless powder explosives and still used as a rocket propellant.