. World’s second test tube baby, Durga alias Kanupriya Agarwal, was born in India on Oct 3rd 1978, merely 67 days after Dr Edwards( nobel prize 2010 ) first test tube baby creation, using a different technique whichc Dr Mukhopadhyay developed as compared to Dr Edwards’ group. Instead of receiving any recognition, his work was dubbed dubious and bogus by the then Govt of West Bengal in India and he was barred from attending any international conferences. Facing social ostracization, bureaucratic negligence, reprimand and insult from the Marxist government and refusal of the Government of India to allow him to attend international conferences, the physician committed suicide in his Calcutta residence on June 19, 1981. (a bollywood movie ” Ek Doctor ki Maut” (Death of a Physician- you can watch part of it here!!) was made based on his life story). It was not until 1981 when other countries started reporting successful test tube babies..
"Durga"second test- tube babe
"Durga" alias Kanupriya Agarwal--second test tube baby in the world--was performed by Dr Subhash Mukhopadhyay on October 3, 1978. The Calcutta-based doctor got belated recognition eight years later but it was tragically little late.
The world's first test tube baby Louise Brown was born just three months earlier on July 25, 1978 in the UK when Edwards' efforts were crownd by success.
Durga's birth was caught in ethical and moral controversies with the West Bengal government even denouncing Mukhopadhyay's claim that he had created history in India. The physician's achievements were not recognised at first.
Eight years after the birth of 'Durga', India's second Test-tube baby Harsha was born. Indira Hinduja was the gynaecologist responsible for the birth of Harsha Chawda at the state-run hospital K.E.M. Hospital in Mumbai on August 16, 1986. Some records say that Harsha is the 'first' Test-tube baby because of the controversy involving Mukhopadhayay…
Like Brown's birth, Durga's birth had caused public debate, criticism and even social professional ostracism of those involved in initiating life outside the body. Harsha's birth opened up the much-sought opportunity for treating couples incapable of natural reproduction. The ICMR estimates at least 10 per cent of couples in India face infertility…
Apart from factors like low sperm count, infections and erectile dysfunction in males, damaged fallopian tubes, low egg production and fibroids in females, lifestyle changes have also adversely affected fertility.
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) is a complex process in which the ovum is fertilised outside the body and the fertilised egg is then implanted to the uterus. Presently, there are more than 400 IVF clinics in India that even treat those coming from abroad due to the comparatively lower costs and, in some cases, for Indian donor eggs.