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Harold Pinter Nobel Prize 2005

Apart from the known and the unknown, what else is there? 
Harold Pinter

Harold Pinter  who win the  Nobel Prize for Literature  2005 is son of Hyman Pinter ("Jack", tailor)
 Harold Pinter was born in Hackney, London, England, UK in 10 October 1930. He started writing poetry for little magazines in his teens. As a young man, he studied acting at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art and the Central School of Speech and Drama, but soon left to undertake an acting career under the stage name David Baron.
I don't intend to simply go away and write my plays and be a good boy. I intend to remain an independent and political intelligence in my own right. 
Harold Pinter
Pinter started writing plays in
1957. He had mentioned an idea for a play to a friend who worked in the drama department at Bristol University. The friend liked the idea so much that he wrote to Pinter asking for the play. The only problem was that if the university was to perform the play, they would need a script within the week. Pinter wrote back and told his friend to forget the whole thing--then sat down and wrote the play in four days. The product of his labors, a one-act entitled The Room, contained many of the elements that would characterize Pinter's later works--namely a commonplace situation gradually invested with menace and mystery through the deliberate omission of an explanation or motivation for the action. Later this same year, Pinter would develop his style still further in another one-act, The Dumb Waiter, about two hired killers employed by a mysterious organization to murder an unknown victim. In this second play, Pinter added an element of comedy, provided mostly through the brilliant small-talk behind which the two men hide their growing anxiety. Their discussion over whether it is more proper to say "light the kettle" or "light the gas" is wildly comic and terrifying in its absurdity. The Dumb Waiter was first performed at the Hampstead Theatre Club in London in 1960.
Although written after The Dumb Waiter, Pinter's first full-length play (The Birthday Party) was produced two years earlier in 1958 at the Arts Theatre in Cambridge. The play centers around Stanley, an apathetic man in his thirties who has found refuge in a dingy seaside boarding house which has apparently had no other visitors for years. But when Goldberg and McCann (characters reminiscent of the hired assassins in The Dumb Waiter) arrive, it soon becomes clear that they are after Stanley. Like Samuel Beckett, Pinter refuses to provide rational explanations for the actions of his characters. Are the two men emissaries of some secret organization Stanley has betrayed? Are they male nurses sent to bring him back to an asylum he has escaped from? The question is never answered. Instead, the two men organize a birthday party for a terrified Stanley who insists that it is not his birthday.
Pinter went on to write a number of absurdist masterpieces including The Caretaker, The Homecoming, Betrayal, Old Times, and Ashes to Ashes. He also composed a number of radio plays and several volumes of poetry. His screenplays include The French Lieutenant's Woman, The Last Tycoon, and The Handmaid's Tale. He received numerous awards including the Berlin Film Festival Silver Bear, BAFTA awards, the Hamburg Shakespeare Prize, the Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or, the Commonwealth Award and the Nobel Prize for Literature. His sparse style and gift for creating tension and horror through the most economic of means made him one of the most respected playwrights of his day. 
I never think of myself as wise. I think of myself as possessing a critical intelligence which I intend to allow to operate. 
Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter  married from Antonia Fraser who is the author of many widely acclaimed historical works, including the biographies Mary Queen of Scots (a 40th anniversary edition was published in May 2009),Cromwell: Our Chief of Men, King Charles II and The Gunpowder Plot (CWA Non-Fiction Gold Dagger; St Louis Literary Award). She has written five highly praised books which focus on women in history, The Weaker Vessel: Women’s Lot in Seventeenth Century England (Wolfson Award for History, 1984), The Warrior Queens: Boadicea’s Chariot, The Six Wives of Henry VIII, Marie Antoinette: The Journey (Franco-British Literary Prize 2001), which was made into a film by Sofia Coppola in 2006 and now most recently Love and Louis XIV: The Women in the Life of the Sun King. Antonia Fraser was made CBE in 1999, and awarded the Norton Medlicott Medal by the Historical Association in 2000. 
Harold Pinter died on 24 December 2008, at the age of 78, after a long battle with cancer of the esophagus 
Harold Pinter wife, Lady Antonia Fraser, said: “He was a great, and it was a privilege to live with him for over 33 years.”.
Harold Pinter  married two times  first wife was Vivien Merchant (actress, m. 1956, div. 1980, d. 1982) second Wife : Lady Antonia Fraser (m. 27-Nov-1980)
an he have one Son: Daniel Pinter
Poem by Harold Pinter


There is a dark sound
Which grows on the hill
You turn from the light
Which lights the black wall.

Black shadows are running
Across the pink hill
They grin as they sweat
They beat the black bell.

You suck the wet light
Flooding the cell
And smell the lust of the lusty
Flicking its tail.

For the lust of the lusty
Throws a dark sound on the wall
And the lust of the lusty
- its sweet black will -
Is caressing you still.

Harold Pinter
January 22 nd , 2006

Films by Harold Pinter

The Caretaker (1963) The Servant (1963) The Pumpkin Eater (1963) The Quiller Memorandum (1965) Accident (1966) The Birthday Party (1967) The Go-Between (1969) The Homecoming (1969) Langrishe Go Down (1970) (adapted for TV 1978) The Proust Screenplay (1972) The Last Tycoon (1974) The French Lieutenant's Woman (1980) Betrayal (1981) Victory (1982) Turtle Diary (1984) The Handmaid's Tale (1987) Reunion (1988) Heat of the Day (1988) Comfort of Strangers (1989) The Trial (1989) The Dreaming Child (1997) The Tragedy of King Lear (2000) All plays and sketches are in chronological order

Plays by Harold Pinter : 
The Room (1957)
Old Times (1970)   The Birthday Party (1957)
Monologue (1972)   The Dumb Waiter (1957)
No Man's Land (1974)   A Slight Ache (1958)
Betrayal (1978)   The Hothouse (1958)
Family Voices (1980)   The Caretaker (1959)
Other Places (1982)   A Night Out (1959)
A Kind of Alaska (1982)   Night School (1960)
Victoria Station (1982)   The Dwarfs (1960)
One For The Road (1984)   The Collection (1961)
Mountain Language (1988)   The Lover (1962)
The New World Order (1991) Tea Party (1964)
Party Time (1991)   The Homecoming (1964)
Moonlight (1993) The Basement (1966)
Ashes to Ashes (1996)   Landscape (1967)
Celebration (1999)   Silence (1968)
Remembrance of Things Past (2000) 

Harold Pinter Sketches 
The Black and White (1959)  
  Interview (1959)
Trouble in the Works (1959)  
  Applicant (1959)
Last to Go (1959)  
  Dialogue Three (1959)
Request Stop (1959)  
  Night (1969)
Special Offer (1959)  
  Precisely (1983)
That's Your Trouble (1959)  
  Press Conference (2002) 
That's All (1959)

Stage, film and TV productions directed by Harold Pinter
The Collection (1962) The Lover and The Dwarfs (1963) The Birthday Party (1964)   The Man in the Glass Booth (1967) Exiles (1970) Butley (1971)   Next of Kin (1974) Otherwise Engaged (1975) and New York (1977) Blithe Spirit (1976) The Innocents (1976) The Rear Column (1978)   Close of Play (1979)   The Hothouse (1980) Quartermaine's Terms (1981)   Incident at Tulse Hill (1982)   The Trojan War Will Not Take Place (1983)   One for the road (1984)   Victoria Station (1984) The Common Pursuit (1984)   Sweet Bird of Youth (1985)   Circe and Bravo (1986)   Vanilla (1990)   Party Time and Mountain Language (1991) The New World Order (1991) Oleanna (1993) Landscape (1994)   Taking Sides (1995)   Twelve Angry Men (1996) Ashes to Ashes (1996)   Life Support (1997)   Ashes to Ashes, Italy (1997) Ashes to Ashes, France (1998) The Late Middle Classes (1999)   Celebration and The Room (2000)   No Man's Land (2001) Old Masters (2004)

Harold Pinter Films and TV 

  Simon Gray's Butley (1974)   Simon Gray's The Rear Column (1980)   The Hothouse (1982)   Mountain Language (1988)   Party Time (1992)   Landscape (1995) 
  Ashes to Ashes (Italy) (1998) 
Harold Pinter Honorary degrees from the Universities 

University of Leeds 2007.
National University of Ireland, Dublin 2004
University of Turin, Italy, 2002
University of Florence, Italy, 2001
University of Aristotle, Thessaloniki 2000
Goldmiths, University of London 1999
Bristol 1998
Sofia (Bulgaria) 1995
East London 1994
Sussex 1990
Hull 1986
Brown (Rhode Island) 1982
Stirling 1979
Glasgow 1974
East Anglia 1974
Birmingham 1971
Reading 1970

Harold Pinter awards

Legion d'Honneur, 2007
St George Plaque of the City of Kragujevac, 2006
Serbian Foundation Prize, 2006
European Theatre Prize, 2006
Nobel Prize for Literature, 2005
Frank Kafka Prize, 2005
Wilfred Owen Poetry Prize, 2005
Evening Standard Theatre Awards, 50th Anniversary - Special Award, 2004
Diploma “ad Honorem”, Teatro Filodrammatici, Milan , Italy 2004
Companion of Honour for services to Literature, 2002
Hermann Kesten Medallion for outstanding commitment on behalf of persecuted and imprisoned writers, awarded by German P.E.N., Berlin, Germany, 2001
World Leaders Award, Toronto, Canada, 2001
S.T. Dupont Golden Pen Award 2001 for a Lifetime's Distinguished Service to Literature; 'Premio Fiesole ai Maestri del Cinema', Italy, 2001
South Bank Show Award for Outstanding Achievement in the Arts, 2001
The Critics' Circle Award for Distinguished Service to the Arts 2000
Brianza Poetry Prize, Italy 2000
Companion of Literature, RSL 1998
Sunday Times Award for Literary Excellence 1997; BAFTA Fellowship 1997
Molire d'Honneur, Paris in recognition of his life's work, 1997
Honorary fellow of Queen Mary College, London; Laurence Olivier Special Award 1996 
Chilean Order of Merit, 1992; The David Cohen British Literature Prize 1995
Pirandello Prize (Palermo) 1980
European Prize for Literature (Vienna) 1973
CBE, 1966; Shakespeare Prize (Hamburg) 1970

Publications about Harold Pinter

Understanding Harold Pinter, Ronald Knowles, University of South Carolina, 1995.
Pinter in Play: Critical Strategies and the Plays of Harold Pinter, Susan Hollis Merritt, 1990; Durham and London: Duke UP, 1995.
Harold Pinter – A Question of Timing, Martin S Regal, St. Mark’s Press inc., 1995.
The Life and Works of Harold Pinter, Michael Billington, Faber and Faber, 1996 (updated 2007).
Kafka and Pinter: Shadow Boxing, Raymond Armstrong, St. Martin’s Press, 1999.
Harold Pinter – The Caretaker, The Birthday Party, The Homecoming, Bill Naismith, Faber and Faber, 2000.
Harold Pinter – A Celebration, Various, with an introduction by Richard Eyre, Faber and Faber, 2000.
The Pinter Ethic – The Erotic Aesthetic, Penelope Prentice, Garland Publishing, 2000
Harold Pinter: The Films, Steven H. Gale, G.K. Hall, 2001
The Cambridge Companion to Harold Pinter, Peter Raby (ed.), Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Writers & their Work: Harold Pinter, Mark Taylor-Batty, Northcote House, 2001.
Pinter at 70 : a Caseboook, edited by Lois Gordon, New York: Routledge, 2001.
Pinter and the Object of Desire: An Approach through the Screenplays, Linda Renton, Legenda, 2003.
Sharp Cut: Harold Pinter’s Screenplays and the Artistic Process, Steven H. Gale, University of Kentucky Press, 2004.
The Art of Crime: The plays and films of Harold Pinter and David Mamet, Leslie Kane (ed.), Routledge, 2004.
About Pinter, Mark Batty, Faber and Faber, 2005.
Harold Pinter A Bibliographical History, William Baker and John C. Ross, Published by The British Library and in North America by Oak Knoll Press, 2005.
Pinter in the Theatre, Ian Smith, Nick Hern Books, 2005.
Harold Pinter’s Politics: A Silence Beyond Echo, Charles Grimes, Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2006.
Harold Pinter (writer’s Lives), William Baker, Continuum, 2008
Viva Pinter: Harold Pinter’s Spirit of Resistance, Brigitte Gautheir (ed.), Peter Lang, 2009.
Laurence Olivier Presents Harold Pinter’s The Collection [DVD], Network Studios, 2009.
Pinter etc., Craig Owens (ed.), Cambridge Scholars, 2009. 
Harold Pinter’s The Dumb Waiter, Mary Brewer (ed.), Rodopi, 2009.
Must You Go? My Life With Harold Pinter, Antonia Fraser, W&N, 2010.
Mini Biography By: Jon C. Hopwood