meta content='nobel,nobel prize,a nobel prize winner,nobelprize ,nobel prize winners ,nobel prize 2010,nobel prize winners 2010,alfrid nobel ' name='keywords'/> Nobel Prize: "Nobel Prize 2011 in Chemistry" Dan Shechtman

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"Nobel Prize 2011 in Chemistry" Dan Shechtman

Dan Shechtman

Nobel Prize 2011 in Chemistry

"for the discovery of quasicrystals".
The  Nobel Prize 2011 in Chemistry is awarded to Dan Shechtman 


Dan Shechtman

If you’re a scientist and believe in your results: fight for them,” he says. “Fight for the truth) Dan Shechtman 

Dan Shechtman, the Philip Tobias Professor of Materials Science,was  Born in 1941, Tel Aviv, Israel,
 
 After receiving his doctorate, Prof. Shechtman was an NRC fellow at the aerospace Research Laboratories at Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio, where he studied for three years the microstructure and physical metallurgy of titanium aluminides. In 1975 he joined the department of materials engineering at Technion. In 1981-l983 Dan Shechtman  was on Sabbatical at the Johns Hopkins University, where he studied rapidly solidified aluminum transition metal alloys (joint program with NBS). During this study he discovered the Icosahedral Phase which opened the new field of quasiperiodic crystals. In 1992-1994 Dan Shechtman was on Sabbatical at NIST, where he studied the effect of the defect structure of CVD diamond on its growth and properties. Prof. Shechtman's Technion research is conducted in the Louis Edelstein Center, and in the Wolfson Centre which is headed by him. Dan Shechtman served on several Technion Senate Committees and headed one of them.


Dan Shechtman


Dan Shechtman  Awards

Physics Award of the Friedenberg Fund for the Advancement of 1986 Science and Education
International Award for New Materials of the American Physical Society 1988
New England Academic Award of the Technion 1988
Rothschild Prize in Engineering 1990
Weizmann Science Award 1993
Israel Prize in Physics 1998
Wolf Prize in Physics 1999
Gregori Aminoff Prize of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.2000
Muriel & David Jacknow Technion Award for Excellence in Teaching 2000
EMET Prize in Chemistry 2002
European Materials Research Society (E-MRS) 25th Anniversary Award 2008
Nobel Prize in Chemistry  2011

Dan Shechtman  Membership in Academies

Elected member of the Israel Academy of Sciences.1996
Elected member of the American National Academy of Engineering. 2000
Elected member of the European Academy of Sciences.2004

Dan Shechtman  Honorary Membership in Professional Societies
Elected Honorary Member of the Japan Institute of Metals 2005
Elected Honorary Member of the French Physical Society 2005
Elected Honorary Member of the Israel Crystallographic Association 1999
Elected Honorary Member of ISIS-Symmetry (International Society for Interdisciplinary sciences) 1998
Elected Honorary Member of the Israel Society for Microscopy 1998
Elected Honorary Member of MRSI (Materials Research Society of India) 1997
The Icosahedral Phase, discovered by Prof. Shechtman in 1982 is the focus of the research in our group. The Icosahedral phase, as the first structure in the field of quasi-periodic crystals, was discovered in aluminum transition metal alloys. It has long range orientational order but no translational symmetry. Its crystallography is unique, since it has the icosahedral point group symmetry, and its atomic order is quasiperiodic in contrast to periodic order found in previously known crystals. The intriguing questions regarding structure and properties of this new class of materials draw a broad interdisciplinary scientific interest. The field has become an active major communication arena for physicists, materials scientists, mathematicians, crystallographers and others. The two major thrusts in this field are theoretical aspects of the quasi-periodic structure and its implications and experimental evidence for the understanding of the structure and its properties. Our group is involved in studying the crystallography and properties of the icosahedral phase in several binary and ternary alloy systems.
 Various microscopic techniques are employed to study the microstructure of the icosahedral phase, the lattice defects and deformation behaviour. The alloys are prepared by our group by means of rapid solidification as ribbons, in a powder from or as sputtered thin films. Another research topic deals with structural defects in CVD diamond wafers and their effect on the wafer's growth and properties.

Dan Shechtman  Significant Research

Microstructure and mechanical properties of titanium aluminides.
Microstructure and properties of rapidly solidified metallic alloys.
The discovery of the Icosahedral Phase, the first quasi-periodic phase, its crystallography and some of its properties.
Nucleation and growth of CVD diamond films.
Development of new magnesium alloys.

Sources :

http://www.nobelprize.org/
http://materials.technion.ac.il